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BBC评出最经久不衰的10部经典英国小说

来源:最佳文学网 栏目: 文学小说 作者:文学爱好者时间:2021年02月10日 19:12热度:60℃

BBC评出最经久不衰的10部经典英国小说

The greatest British novel of all time is Middlemarch by George Eliot, according to new poll by the BBC.
英国广播公司(BBC)进行的最新调查显示,英国最经久不衰的小说是乔治·艾略特的《米德尔马契》。

BBC Culture contributor Jane Ciabattari surveyed 82 book critics from outside of the UK, in order to get an outsider's perspective on British literature.
BBC文化专栏投稿人Jane Ciabattari通过调查82位来自英国以外国家的书籍评论家,获得了外国人对英国文学的看法。

The Beeb said: "The British novel has influenced the form around the world for centuries, so we felt it was important to get a global perspective. The critics we polled live and work all over the world, from the United States and continental Europe to Australia, Africa, Asia, India and the Middle East ... Each who participated submitted a list of 10 British novels, with their pick for the greatest novel receiving 10 points. The points were added up to produce the final list."
BBC称:“几个世纪以来,英国小说一直影响着全球各地小说的形式,因此我们认为获得全球性的看法非常重要。我们调查的这些评论家在全球各地生活和工作,有的来自美国,有的来自欧洲大陆、澳大利亚、非洲、亚洲、印度和中东……每个参与者都给出一份列有10部英国小说的清单,被他们选作最经久不衰的小说可以获得10分。我们再对这些分数进行累加,得出最终的书单。”

The critics named 228 novels in all. These are the top 10:
这些评论家总共提到了228部小说,以下是获评前10的小说:

BBC评出最经久不衰的10部经典英国小说

10. Vanity Fair (William Makepeace Thackeray, 1848)
威廉·梅克皮斯·萨克雷《名利场》,1848年出版

This novel features probably the greatest anti-heroine in English literature, Becky Sharp, and a plot that revolves around class, social climbing and a financial crisis that will seem eerily familiar to modern readers.Vanity Fair has it all. It both speaks of its time, and speaks of all times.
这部小说的主角或许就是英国文学史上最知名的非正统派女主角——贝奇·夏普,小说的情节围绕阶级、社会、跻身上流社会以及现代读者听来又熟悉又害怕的金融危机。《名利场》这些要素全都具备, 讲述那个年代,也讲述着每一个年代。

9. Frankenstein (Mary Shelley, 1818)
玛莉·雪莱《科学怪人》,1818年出版

This pioneering work of science fiction and Gothic horror developed an indelible 'monster' of a theme that has endured for centuries: of the scientist as a "modern Prometheus".
这部先锋作品集科幻和哥特式恐怖于一身,营造了一个难以磨灭的“恶魔”主题,即科学家中的“现代普罗米修斯”,几世纪以来经久不衰。

8. David Copperfield (Charles Dickens, 1850)
查尔斯·狄更斯《大卫·科波菲尔》,1850年出版

David Copperfield is populated by some of the most vivid characters ever created. They are as much a part of readers' world, and their way of thinking about the world, as people they have actually met.
《大卫·科波菲尔》人物形象众多,性格鲜活的角色云集。这些人物角色仿佛是读者所在真实世界的一部分,和读者亲身遇见的人一样,有着相似的世界观。

7. Wuthering Heights (Emily Brontë, 1847)
艾米莉·勃朗特《呼啸山庄》,1847年出版

Wuthering Heights is "powered by more psychological energy than any book ever written". Readers admire Wuthering Heights because of "its layered narrative structure, because it is a work of incredible imagination, and because it is far more than a love story. The story shows 'the eternal rocks beneath' our fleeting desires.
《呼啸山庄》“蕴含巨大的心理能量,没有其它书籍能够与之匹敌。”读者推崇《呼啸山庄》是因为其“层层叠叠的叙述结构”和丰富惊人的想象力,更因为《呼啸山庄》超越了爱情故事本身,展现了我们转瞬即逝的欲望之下“永恒的震撼”。

6. Bleak House (Charles Dickens, 1853)
查尔斯·狄更斯《荒凉之屋》,1853年出版

Bleak House is among Dickens novels, uniquely original in its alternation of first-person past-tense chapters with a concurrent third-person account in present tense.
《荒凉之屋》是狄更斯的小说之一,以第一人称过去时所写的章节与第三人称现在时的叙述并行,两者间的切换创新独到。

5. Jane Eyre (Charlotte Brontë, 1847)
夏洛蒂·勃朗特《简·爱》,1847年出版

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